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  并列句和主导复合句

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  并列句基本概念:

越南语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  语法知识点壹

  并列复合句是由四个或八个以上并列而又独自的简约句构成。五个简易句常由并列连接词连在1起;但偶尔并非连接词,只在几个差不离句之间用一逗号或分集团。

2013-04-07 18:02阅读:7,627

  壹.as...as.。。教导的可比级:(一)“as 形容词或副词原级 as 被比较对象”结构。例句: He studies as hard as you. 他像您同样学习努力。

  2、常见的并列句:

塞尔维亚语简单句、并列句、复合句解析

  (二)在否定句或问题句中可用 not so…as…. 例句:He can not run so/as fast as you. 他没你跑得快。

  (壹) 用来一而再八个并列概念的总是词有and , not only…but also…, neither…nor…等,and所连接的内外分句往往意味着先后关系、递进关系。前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用现在时。

简单句、并列句和复合句

  二.only教导的倒装句型:only 状语 (或状语从句)位于句首时,句子部分倒装。 

  (2) 表示在两者之间接选举用多个, 常用的连接词有or,otherwise,or else,either…or…等,前后分句的时态往往保持一致关系,若首先个分句是祈使句,那么第二个分句用以往时。

考点一 简单句

  例句: Only by diligence and honesty can one succeed in life.  唯有精卫填海、正直,壹个人在生活中才能成功。 

  (三) 注明七个概念相互有争执、相反或许转载, 常用的连日词有but,yet,still ,however等,前后分句时态壹致。

  1. 粗略句只包涵多个主谓结构.

  2. 种种不难句:

  注意:但 only修饰主语时,不倒装。例句: Only that girl knew how to work out the problem.  只有那位女孩子知道怎么着解那道题。

  (4) 表明原委, 用连接词for ,前后分句时态一致。

1) 主 谓. He comes at last.

  叁.wish辅导的虚拟语气:wish 前面包车型大巴从句,当代表与事实相反的情景,或意味着今后不太可能达成的意思时,其宾语从句的动词格局为: 

  (五) 表示结果,用一而再词so, 前后分句时态1致。

2) 主 系 表. She is a teacher.

  ⑴表示对明天状态的杜撰:从句动词用过去式或过去进行式表示,be 的死亡式用were.   

  主从复合句

The soup tastes nice.

  I wish I knew the answer to the question.    笔者梦想知道这么些难点的答案。(可惜不知底。) 

  1、概念:

3) 主 谓 宾. They reached the village.

  ⑵表示对过去情景的杜撰:从句动词用had 过去分词。 

  主从复合句由八个主句和八个或三个上述的从句构成。主句为句子的基点,从句只用作句子的一个附带元素,无法独立成为多少个句子。从句日常由关联词指导,并由关联词将从句和主句联系在联名。如:While the grandparents love the children, they are strict with them.(曾祖父曾外祖母们很爱孩子,同时对他们也严厉须求。) / It seemed as if the meeting would never end.(看起来会议没完没了。) / Hurry up, or (else) you'll be late.(快点, 要不然就来比不上了。) / However I cook eggs, the child still refuses to eat them.(不管笔者用什么办法煮鸭蛋,小孩依然不肯吃。)

4) 主 谓 间宾 直宾.He gave me a pen.

  I wish (that) I hadn’t wasted so much time.  小编后悔不应该浪费这么多时间。( 实际晚春经浪费掉了。) 

  2、分类:

5) 主 谓 宾 宾补.I find that book very useful.

  ⑶表示对隋唐的岂有此理意愿:谓语动词格局为“would/ should/ could/ might 动词原形”。在那种情景下,主句的主语与从句的主语不可能一如既往,因为主句的主语所期待的从句动作能或无法实现,取决于从句主语的姿态或希望(非动作名词除了那么些之外) 。 

  从句按其在复合句中的功能,分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、定语从句和状语从句等。(参见以下各项)

考点二 并列句

  I wish it would stop raining.  但愿雨能终止。 

  三、各从句在句子中的地方以及用法:

并列句:八个或多少个以上的简要句,用连词连接起来。

  注意:若wish 后的宾语从句中用 would,能够代表请求,经常意味着说话人的难受或遗憾。

  (壹) 表语从句:在句子中作连系动词的表语的从句,它坐落主句中的系动词之后。

常用的连接词有:

  例句:I wish you would be quiet.  笔者希望你安然一些。 

  例如:That is why he did not come to school yesterday. / It is because you are so clever.

  1. 表示顺承关系的:and, not only…but also(不仅….而且….)等。

  ④.it情势宾语:和it 作方式主语一样,  我们常用it 来作模式宾语, 把真的的宾语从句放在句末, 那种场所更是出现在带复合宾语的句子中。

  (二) 宾语从句:在句子中作及物动词或介词的宾语。

She ______ gave us a lot of advice, _______helped us to overcome difficulties.

  例句:He has made it clear that he will not give in. 他注解她不会投降。 

  壹着力形式:(主句+)连词 从句主语 从句谓语 ...

Linda tried to become an excellentteacher, _____ at last she succeeded.

  5.The 比较级,the 比较级  表示“越....。。越....。。”。

  2 关于宾语从句连词的采纳:

  1. 代表选取事关和否定条件的有or(依旧,不然)

  例句:The more scared we are, the stronger the difficulty will become。我们越害怕困苦,困难就会变得越强大。

  若从句出自2个陈述句,那么,连词用that,在口语中that能够简简单单;

Do you want to leave now ____ would yourather set off later?

  语法知识点二

  若从句出自3个貌似疑问句,连词则用if 或whether;

Wear your coat, ____ you’ll catch a cold.

  一. 宾语从句:1般难题句做宾语,引入if或whether

  若从句出自二个特种疑问句,则连词就是疑问词(如what,who,where,when等)

  1. 意味着转会关系的有but, yet等。

  例句: I want to know if he will join us in the discussion?

  例如:They believe that the computer will finally take the place of human beings.(他们相信总括机终将代替人类。) (从句本来便是陈述句)/ I wonder whether I should say something for him to the headmaster. (我不明白是或不是该为她在校长眼前说点什么。) (从句出自一般问句Shall 伊萨y something for him to the headmaster?) / He asked me where he could get such medicine. (他问笔者在何地能搞到那么的药。) (从句出自特殊问句Where can he get such medicine? )

He is young, but he works hard.即使他年轻,但工作努力。

  二. 原因状语从句:since辅导的

  3宾语从句的时态难点:假诺主句是以后时,从句则用前天某一时态,甚至足以用过去时;

  1. 意味着因果关系的有for, so 等。

  例句: Don’t eat too much sugar since it is bad for your health。

  如主句是过去时,从句则附和地选取过去某临时态,境遇客观真理时仍旧用今日时。如:I think I will do better in English this term. (作者想本学期小编的爱沙尼亚语会学得好点。) / The teacher asked the boy if the earth is round. (老师问那个男孩地球是否圆的。)

My leg hurts so I go to see a doctor. 笔者的腿疼,由此笔者去看医务卫生人士。

  叁. 否定词前置倒装:scarcely...when。.

  肆 下列结构后边的从句一般也作为宾语从句看待:

考试场点3 主从复合句:宾语从句

  例句: Scarcely had he arrived at home when it began to rain。

  be sorry / afraid / sure / glad that从句,如:I’m sorry I’m late. (对不起,笔者迟到了。) / I’m afraid he isn’t in at the moment. (恐怕他这时不在家。)

  1. 宾语从句的教导词

  四. If虚拟条件句

  (叁) 状语从句:在复合句中作状语,其任务可以在主句前或主句后。状语从句能够分为时间、地方、原因、指标、结果、相比较、迁就、条件等三种。状语从句由从属连接词指点。

(1)辅导 陈述句用 that(在口语和业余文娱体育中不时省略)

  从句 主句
跟现在事实相反 一般过去式(be用were) would/should/might/could 动原
跟过去事实相反 had done would/should/might/could have done
跟将来事实相反 should 动原;were to do sth would/should/might/could 动原

  时间状语从句普通由when ,as ,while, after, before, since, as soon as ,since, till (until), while, whenever 等指导。时间状语从句1般位于句首或句尾,特别注意,时间状语从句不容许使用以往时,而应当用现时时替代。如: When you finish the work, you may go out to play with 山姆. (你完了工作就能够出来和吉姆一起玩了。) / I won’t leave until Mum comes back. (阿妈回来了自家才会走。)

He tells me (that ) he is going shopping thisSunday.

  五. 宾语从句:放在介词前面,作介词的宾语。

  地方状语从句普通由 where, wherever等辅导。如:Go back where you came from! (何地来还滚到哪个地方去!) / I will never forget to catch the thief who stole my necklace wherever he may be. (作者永久也不会遗忘去抓住那些偷作者项链的贼,无论她会在哪个地方。)

(2) 携带1般难题句用if或whether.

  例句:I know nothing about him except that he used to work in Shanghai。

  原因状语从句常常由because, since, as等教导,一般位于句首或句尾。如:He went abroad because his father had found a good university for him. (他出国了,因为她阿爹给她找了一所好大学。)

She asked me if whether she could join us.(whether…or not)

  陆.状语从句不难(分词作者状语):从句的主语和状语从句的主语一致,状从不难采取分词作者状语。例句:

  指标状语从句平时由so that..., so...hat..., in order that... 等教导,往往放在句尾,从句中司空眼惯含有can / could / may / might等千姿百态动词。如:He got up earlier so that he could catch the first train. (他出发更早为的是遇上第一班车。)

(三) 指点特殊疑问句,要用原来的尤其疑问词。

  (Because) being short of money, we can’t afford a TV set. =Because we are short of money, we can’t afford a TV set。

  结果状语从句普通由 so that..., so...that... 等辅导,放在句尾。结果状语从句1般代表早已发出的事情,故多为过去时态。如:He lost so many bikes that he decided never to buy a new one. (他丢了那么多辆车子,他控制再也不买

She asked them what they were doing.

  语法知识点三

2016考研英语,英语教师网。新车了。)

  1. 宾语从句的语序 :要用陈述句语序。

  一.并列句:由and, or , but连接的三个句子成为并列句。

  相比状语从句平日由as, than, as (so)...as等辅导,壹般大概从句的谓语部分,只剩余人词或代词(用主格或宾格均可)。如:Jane is much taller than I/me. (Jane比自身高多了。) / I don’t have as many books as you (do). (作者书未有您多)

I want to know when the train left.

  二.省略句 /倒装:so/系动词/助动词/情态动词 sb 表示“前者意况适用于后人”。例句:

  妥洽状语从句经常由though (although), as, even if( even though), however, whatever等教导。如:伊芙n if you pay the debt(债务) for me, I will not thank you because it has nothing to do with me. (即便你替本人还了债我也不会谢谢你,因为它与自家毫非亲非故系。) / He wears a T-shirt though it is very cold. (他穿了1件马夹衫,就算天相当的冷。)

  1. 宾语从句的时态

  You are a student, so am I。

  条件状语从句普通由if, unless, as lon瓦斯等辅导,条件状语从句一般位于句首或句尾,尤其注意,时间状语从句不允许使用今后时,而应该用现时时替代。You will certainly fail in the coming final exams unless you work much harder. (即将到来的期末考试你一定考不如格,除非你更用心。) / If it doesn’ t rain tomorrow, we shall go hiking. (要是后天不降水我们就要去徒步旅行。)

(1)主句是1般未来时,一般今后时或祈使句,宾语从句可依据实际必要选择种种时态。

  三.定语从句 who带领的限定性定从。例句:

  [注意] 一、because与so;(al)though与but;if与so不可能同在贰个句子中成对出现。

He tells us that he has been able to lookafter himself.

  Do you remember the girl who taught us English ?你还记得教我们意大利语的10分女孩吧?

  贰、时间、条件、原因,妥协状语从句放在句首时须求用逗号与主句隔断。

(二) 主句是病故时态,宾语从句应采取过去时的对应时态。

  5.倒装:否定词seldom前移,句子倒装。例句:Seldom did he speak。

  (四) 定语从句:在复合句中作定语用修饰句子中某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。

They said that they had already finished thework.

  4.宾语从句:whether的用法。例句:I wonder if/whether it is going to rain tomorrow。

  壹 定语从句的岗位:放在名词或代词的末端。如:The man who has an umbrella in his hand is my uncle. (手上抓了一把雨伞的人是自个儿的父辈。)

(三) 若是宾语从句叙述的是客观事实、真理、自然现象等,不管主句用如何时态,从句都用1般将来时。

  5.不定式做定语。例句:The only way to solve our problems will continue to be rejected。

  2语法术语的改动:被修饰的名词或代词称为先行词;携带定语从句的总是词称为关系词,当中that、which、who称为关联代词,where、when、how称为关系副词。

He said that light travels faster than sound.

  6.原因状从:now that的用法。now that 代表 “既然”。与 since 的不一样之处在于,now that 引出的必须是三个新面世的真情或气象,即使还是依旧,和千古对待并未生成,则毫不 now that 辅导。

  三 关系代词或涉嫌副词的效率:

  1. 练习

  例句:Now that we have all the materials ready, we should begin the new task at once。既然大家把具有素材都准备好了,大家应当马上开首那项新的办事。

  关系代词who、whom 和whose指人,分别在从句中作主语、宾语和定语。which指物that多指物, 有时也指人,它们在从句中得以作主语或宾语。定语从句中涉及代词作者从句宾语时能够不难。This is the thief (that/who/whom) we have been looking for these days. (那么些正是我们近日径直在找的窃贼。) / Please find a room which is big enough for all of us to live in. (请找一间丰盛大能住下大家1切的屋子。)

1)Sheasked me, “威尔 you go to the cinema tomorrow?” (改为含宾语从句的复合句)

  柒. 缘故状从:for的用法。由because 引导的从句若是放在句末,且前面有逗号,则能够用并列连词 for 来代替。但万一不是验证直接原因,而是多样气象再说推测,就不得不用 for 。例句:He is absent today, because/for he is ill. 他今日没来,因为她身患了。

  关系副词when或where指导定语从句时,它们在从句中分头作时间状语和地址状语。如:This is the room where they had a quarrel a week ago. (那是贰个星期前他们吵架的屋子。) / I can never forget the day when I first saw you. (我永久不会遗忘第2次见到你的光景。)

She asked me______ I ______ go to the cinema the next day.

  八. 缘故状从:as 的用法。例句:The Singapore passengers begin to decrease as other airlines spread their operating range。

  肆限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句。限制性定语从句在句中不可能大致,不然主句意思就不完整。非限制性定语从句和主句之间频繁用逗号分开,那种从句是一种附加表达,如若从句子中节省,也不致于影响主句的情趣。如:She spent the whole evening talking about her latest book, which none of us had heard of. (她三个夜晚都在议论她近日的书,大家一个人都没有耳闻过那本书。)

2) Howlovely the dog is! Can you tell me _____?

  九. 同位语从句:I want to know the answer to this question who will be our next president。

  [注解]

A. where did you get it B.where will you get it C. where you got it

  原因状从: in that的用法。例句:

  1、关系代词只可以用that的动静:

3) --- Can you tell me _____ your parents at home?

  Privatization is thought to be beneficial in that it promotes competition. 合营化的长处在于能拉动相互竞争。

  超过行词是指事物的骚动代词(all, anything等),或事先词部分含有最高级,或带有序数词时,不能够用其余的涉及代词,只好用that. 如:All that Lily told me seems untrue. (Lily告诉小编的话就如不诚实。) / Can you give me anything that has no sugar inside? (能否给自己点里面没有糖的东西?) / This is the first two-story bus that runs in our city. (那是第②辆运转于笔者市的双层公共交通车。)

--- I often wash clothes and sweepthe floor.

  10. 不定式:不定式做指标状语。例句:We get up very early to catch the first bus。

  2、关系代词在从句中作主语时壹般用who(指人)、that(指物),而不用that指人或用which指物。

A. how will you help B. how you help C. how will you help D. how do you help

  小说来源:跨考教育[微博]

  如:Do you know the woman who is weeping in the corner? (你认识那一个在角落里哭泣的女生吗?) / Do not tell me any words that have nothing to do with me. (跟自家无关的话,请贰个字也决不说。)

4) When I was young, my grandfather told me that the sun ______ (rise) inthe east.

  三、关系代词作从句的宾语时,常用which或whom,较少使用that或who,而且,关系代词平日省略。

考试场点四 状语从句

  如:Tom’s father was the first parent whom our teacher talked to. (汤姆的阿爸是我们教育工小编先是个出口的人。)

一、状语从句在复合句中作状语,修饰主句中的动词、形容词、副词等。

  4、当提到代词紧跟在介词后边时,必须用which或whom,而当介词移到句尾时,则又足以利用that或who.

一.位置状语从句

  如:This is the room in which Miss Li once lived. (= This is the room Miss Li once lived in.) (那是李小姐曾经居住过的房间。)

地方状语从句普通由 where 引导。

  (伍) 主语从句:在句子中担任句子主语的从句叫主语从句。位于谓语动词在此之前。日常由that,whether以及难点连词指引。一般景观下,常用it替代主语从句,而将主语从句移到句尾。如:When we should start is still a question. (大家该在哪天开端照旧个难点呢。)

Put allthe things _____they were.

  直接引语和直接引语

A. whereB. when C. whose D. which

  一、直接引语和直接引语:在陈述句中,直接引用说话人原来的语句,称为直接引语。在挥洒时,直接引语用引号。用自个儿的词语来转述表明原来说话人说的剧情,称为直接引语。

②.光阴状语从句(主句用未来时,从句用一般今后时)

  2、直接引语改变为间接引语:

时刻状语从句的指点词有when, before, after, until, assoon as, since, while, as 等

  一、直接引语假若是陈述句,变为直接引语时应注意以下各点:

She wascooking when someone knock at the door.

  壹不用引号,而用一连词that,但有时可回顾。

What willyou do after you finished your homework?

  二人称作相应变更;

3.准绳状语从句

  三主句里的动词假诺是过去时,直接引语中的时态一般应作相应变更: 1般现在时变壹般过去时;壹般今后时变过去以往时;今后实行时变过去进行时;未来落成时成为过去成功时;壹般过去时变成过去到位时;但壹般过去时如与3个切实可行的身故时间连用,则时态不变。

在规则状语从句中,常用的引导词有if, unless等。

  如:He says,"I am not from the USA.”→He says that he is not from the USA.

If itdosen’t rain, I” ll go fishing.

  Mr Smith said to his girl friend,“ I haven’ t seen you for a long time.”

They willhave a picnic unless it rains next Sunday.

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