1 Good parenting
One of the most difficult transitions faced by parents and youth is that of going from elementary to middle school. Parents are often dismayed that their child who once confided every detail now spends more time alone or with friends. This may be the first time parents are called by a teacher and told their child is less focused on school than in the past. While this can be disheartening, it may help to know that much of this is a normal developmental process.
The parent-child relationship
Erikson called this stage, “Identity Versus Role Confusion” to imply youths’ attempts to fit into society during this stage. As an almost teenager, youth at this stage begin separating from parents and start focusing more on peer bonding. Most parents remember going through this stage and may fear their child will make mistakes.
①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years. ②Morefamilies consist of one-parent households or two working parents; consequently,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in thetraditional family structure. ③Thislack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crimerates. ④Other identifiable causes ofoffensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increasedavailability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing incidence of child abuse andchild neglect. ⑤Allthese conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing acriminal act, although a direct causal relationship has not yet beenestablished。
2 Build strong family relationships
Know that despite your best efforts, your child is going to make some mistakes and some of these mistakes, while difficult, will help your child learn and grow. The important thing to focus upon at this stage is guiding your child so they do not make major life changing mistakes that impact their future. For example, parents will want to monitor online communications, discuss the consequences of sexual behaviors and drug use, and ensure children are safe. Mistakes such as these can be severe and include sexual abuse, disease, pregnancy, legal issues, and other serious issues. At the same time, parents cannot and should not go everywhere with their children, complete school work for them, or solve all problems on the child’s behalf. Doing so, ensures the child will not learn to solve problems needed to succeed in life.
Build a sense of belonging
Have meals as a family
Share family chores
Share ideas and feelings
So what is a parent to do? First, monitor your child without interfering in learning. This means knowing who your child is with or talking to online, where your child is at all times, and ensuring appropriate adult supervision when away from home. It also means allowing the child to suffer minor consequences. Adlerian therapists refer to “natural and logical consequences.” For example, a child who does not eat dinner may be hungry or a child who loses a book may have to pay to replace it. These are healthy consequences and help children learn from their own choices and mistakes without life altering consequences.
Strengthen family bonds
Family bonding activities
Another thing to remember, if called by the school, is that your child may be testing boundaries and focusing more on friends than homework. This may be frustrating to hear, but take heart knowing this often occurs as part of normal development. This does not mean, however, that children should not be held accountable. At this point, parents may have to become more involved in monitoring their child’s school work, friendships, and implement immediate and consistent consequences.
二.由单亲家庭构成：consistof one-parent households
亚洲城老虎机手机版：家庭在教育中的作用，2016考研英语。Achieve a good work-family balance
Help their children with homework
While this stage in your child’s life can be trying, know it doesn’t last forever. Also, much of what ensues is quite positive. Watching your child grow as they test boundaries can be humorous at times and if you do your job as a parent well, you will be proud of the person your child grows up to be.
三.XKF会对青年作案率发生震慑：XKFis thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates。
Monitor their children's academic performance
Are more involved in their children's education
These parents believe that they are more involved in their children's education than their own parents were.
5.一贯的报应关系还不曾创造起来：adirect causal relationship has not yet been established
Teach their children good manners
Provide good role models for their children
3 Working parents
It helps busy working parents balance their lives.
八.某事发生更多：thegrowing incidence of something
Have busy careers
(Children) Spend their after-school hours without adult supervision
Spend too much time online
Weaken family bonds
Feel disconnected from each other
Cause family conflict/ high divorce rate
①Families have alsoexperienced changes these years。
4 Parenting style/ child-rearing style
②More families consist ofone-parent households or two working parents; consequently, children are likelyto have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional familystructure。
Expect their children to do exactly what they are told
Stifle their creativity
Damage their self-esteem